On November 1, the IRS announced cost of living adjustments for various retirement accounts, including IRAs and 401(k) plans.  The changes are as follows:

  • For the first time since 2013, the IRA contribution limit will increase from $5,500 to $6,000 in 2019. Catch up contributions if you are age 50 or older remain unchanged at $1,000 for IRAs.
  • For 401k plans (and 403(b) plans), the retirement plan contribution amount will increase from $18,500 to $19,000. Catch up contributions for age 50 and older participants remain unchanged at $6,000.
  • The income phase-out for taxpayers making contributions to Roth IRAs will increase from $122,000 to $137,000 for singles and heads of household and for married couples filing jointly, the income phase-out is from $193,000 to $203,000.
  • The limitation on the annual benefit for defined contribution plans (i.e. 401(k) plans and profit sharing plans) will increase from $55,000 to $56,000.
  • The annual compensation limit will increase from $275,000 to $280,000.

This year – 2010 – has been the year of the Roth IRA, with new rules in place permitting taxpayers in any income tax category to convert their traditional IRAs to Roth IRAs. There has been a plethora of discussion and commentary on this issue (see our article on this subject at http://www.coleschotz.com/assets/attachments/241.pdf), and generally taxpayers have the decision of weighing whether it is worth it to pay an immediate tax as a result of the conversion in order to come out ahead in the long run as a result of the tax-free growth of the newly created Roth IRA.

As 2011 nears and the prospect of the Bush era tax cuts ending becomes more of a possibility, the case for making a Roth IRA conversion becomes clearer for some taxpayers. If a taxpayer converts in 2010 (i.e., prior to the tax cuts expiring), the taxpayer will pay tax on the conversion at the lower 2010 income tax rates. This assumes the taxpayer will not elect to pay the conversion tax in 2011 and 2012, as is permitted with a 2010 Roth conversion. If the taxpayer does not convert, and is over 70 ½, the required minimum distributions after the tax cuts expire (if they do expire) will be taxed at higher rates. Remember, Roth IRAs during lifetime do not require minimum distributions, so not only will the Roth conversion be taxed at lower rates (assuming the tax cuts expire), but also no minimum distributions will be required post-conversion during the taxpayer’s life.

In addition, taxpayers should consider the effect of the 3.8% surtax imposed on net investment income that was enacted as part of President Obama’s new health care law. While IRA distributions are exempt from the 3.8% surtax, distributions from IRA accounts and future Roth conversions can push income over the threshold amounts, causing other investment income to be subject to the surtax. If the Roth conversion occurs prior to 2013, a taxpayer will have one fewer item of income that could push him or her into the 3.8% surtax.

These are just two more factors to consider when making the Roth conversion decision. And certainly keep an eye on the elections tonight – the outcome could certainly play a role in whether the Bush tax cuts will be extended and if the new health care law will be repealed.

As of January 1, 2010, new rules take effect, permitting taxpayers to convert their traditional IRAs to Roth IRAs without any income limitations.  Click here for an overview of Roth IRAs and a summary of the new conversion rules.